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Master of Science in Desalination Engineering

Tracks and Courses

Program Structure

Twenty four (24) credit hours and a thesis are required and distributed as follows:

Number and Type of Courses Credit Hours
6 Compulsory Courses 15
3 Elective Courses 9
Thesis 6
 Total 30
Objectives
Admission Requirements
Degree Requirements
Tracks and Courses
Contact Information

Courses

     1. Compulsory Courses

          DES    501 Advanced Thermal Desalination Technology

          DES    502 Advanced Membrane Desalination Technology

          DES    503 Heat and Mass Transfer

          DES    504 Modeling and Simulation in Desalination

          MATH  506 Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations

          DES    580 Seminar

     

     2. Elective Courses

          DES 510    Principles of Sustainability

          DES 511    Power and Desalination Cogeneration Plants

          DES 512    Electric Power Generation

          DES 513    Maintenance and Quality Engineering

          ME 570    Solar and Wind Energy

          ME 571    Advanced Engineering Thermodynamics

          ME 572    Analysis of Energy Systems

          ME 574    Exergy Analysis of Thermal Systems

          ME 578    Numerical Methods in Thermo-fluids

          ME 586    Two Phase Flow

          ME 587    Pumps and Compressors

          ME 592    Special Topics in Thermo-fluid

          CHE 542    Recent Trends in Desalination

          CHE 559    Process Safety and Occupational Health

          CHE 563    Corrosion and Its Control

          CHE 565    Membrane Technology

          CHE 573    Water Treatment Engineering

          CHE 574    Water Quality

          CHE 575    Selected Topic in Desalination and Water Treatment

          CHE 584    Advanced control for process industries

          REEN 551  Energy Economics and Policy

     

     3. Program Schedule

First Semester
Course Code Course Title Credit Hours
DES 501 Advanced Thermal Desalination Technology 3
DES 503 Heat and Mass transfer 3
MATH 506 Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations 3
          Total 9

     

Second Semester
Course Code Course Title Credit Hours
DES 504 Modeling and Simulation in Desalination 2
DES 502 Advanced Membrane Desalination Technology 3
Elective course 1 3
          Total 8

     

Third Semester
Course Code Course Title Credit Hours
DES 580 Seminar 1
Elective Course 2 3
Elective Course 2 3
          Total 7

     

Fourth Semester
Course Code Course Title Credit Hours
DES 600 Thesis 6
          Total 6

     

     4. Courses Description

4.1 Compulsory Courses Description

DES 501 Advanced Thermal Desalination Technology (3,0,0)

Thermodynamics of Desalination, Mixtures, Minimum work for salt-water separation, Energy and desalination, Evaporation and Condensation, Performance parameters, Single and Multiple Effect Distillation (MED), Types of evaporators, Ejectors, Mechanical and Thermal Vapor Compression (TVC), Heat and mass transfer calculations in MED-TVC, Single and multi Stage Flash Distillation (MSF), Heat and mass calculations in MSF, Design and performance analysis of hybrid thermal desalination systems.

 

DES 502 Advanced Membrane Desalination Technology (3,0,0)

Principles of Membrane separation processes, Ultra-filtration, nano-filtration (NF), Osmosis and Reverse Osmosis (RO), RO Membranes, Water and salt transport, NF and RO transport theory and process simulation, Polarization phenomenon, Semi-empirical models for Polarization, Pre-treatment and post-treatment, Electro-dialysis, Design and performance analysis of hybrid desalination systems.

 

DES 503 Heat and Mass Transfer (3,0,0)

Transport properties, Rheology of real fluids, mixtures, Fourier and Fick’s laws, Molecular diffusion, Approximate solutions for mass diffusion, Derivation of the general mass, momentum, energy and species equations, Simultaneous heat and mass transfer, heat and mass transfer analogy, Scaling the equations-of-motion, energy and species, applications to desalination.

 

DES 505 Modeling and Simulation in Desalination (2,0,0)

Solution of linear and nonlinear equations, Mathematical modeling of desalination and thermal processes, Optimization techniques for hybrid and integrated systems and process design, Application and use of computer-aided process simulation and design

 

MATH 506 Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations (3,0,0)

Initial and boundary value problems in ordinary differential equations, Numerical solutions, Elliptic, hyperbolic and parabolic partial differential equations, Initial and boundary value problems for second order partial differential equations, Numerical solutions.

 

DES 580 Seminar (1,0,0)

Students prepare and present term papers to enhance their research and presentation skills. Experts in desalination and power generation are invited to lecture students on a number of important and contemporary issues in the field.

     

4.2 Elective courses Description

DES 510 Principles of Sustainability (3,0,0)

Fundamental aspects of sustainability, water resources, water cycle, energy cycles, Carbon cycle, emissions, Concepts of green development and design, Life-cycle analysis.

 

DES 511 Power and Desalination Cogeneration Plants (3,0,0)

Review of steam and gas turbine power plants, regeneration, reheating, inter-cooling, steam generators, condensers, combined cycles, cogeneration power and desalination plants, performance criteria, optimum design.

 

DES 512 Electric Power Generation (3,0,0)

Understand important Power Generation concepts; principles and technology; Basics of energy conversion; Types of power plants; Principe of AC generation; Field control of AC generator; Variable load on power stations; Fundamentals of high voltage engineering; Substations; Transformers; Overhead and underground cables; Motors.

 

DES 513 Maintenance and Quality Engineering (3,0,0)

Maintenance management from both planning and design points of view, decision models to tradeoff a number of factors in maintenance activities, recent development in quality control techniques (analysis and application), quality system structure, strategies, integration and implementation, quality management, Total Quality Management (TQM), quality assurance, quality auditing, ISO certification, and quality awards.

 

CHE 542 Recent Trends in Desalination (3,0,0)

Thermodynamics analysis of desalination. Cogeneration of power and desalination. Recent development, new processes and combined systems. Hybrid desalting processes. Standardized procedure for cost estimates by various processes for comparison purposes. Solar and nuclear energy in desalination. Possible by-products from sea water desalination units. Environmental impact of seawater desalination plants

 

CHE 559 Process Safety and Occupational Health (3,0,0)

Understanding, mitigating, and eliminating risks associated with handling hazardous ,materials. Applications to various chemical and petrochemical industries. Waste water emissions, air emissions and other wastes. Transportation of hazard materials. Spill prevention. Environmental regulation. Methods to determine exposure, radiation, and environment risk assessments; Methods to control processes with flammable materials or potential runaway reactions. Safety standards and code requirements. Emergency response plans. Hazard detection, reporting and abating. occupational health. Supervisor/management roles and responsibilities. Compensation costs/lost time injuries.

 

CHE 563 Corrosion and Its Control (3,0,0)

Electrochemical nature of corrosion. Corrosion cells, and thermodynamics of corrosion reaction, potential/pH diagram. Types of corrosion. Environments: Atmosphere, underground, boilers and water environment. Metallurgical aspects of corrosion: structure of metals and alloys in relating to corrosion. Stress corrosion cracking. Effect of heat treatment. Effect of hydrogen ferrous and non-ferrous metals. Corrosion control: design in relation to corrosion, design in chemical engineering: inhibitors, metallic coatings, inorganic coatings, organic coatings, cathodic and anodic protection. Corrosion testing.

 

CHE 565 Membrane Technology (3,3,0)

Membrane structure and function, Manufacture of membranes, Characterization, Selection and use of membrane systems, Applications for membrane separation in various chemical, petrochemical, biochemical and water treatment processes.

 

CHE 573 Water Treatment Engineering (3,0,0)

Classification and significance of impurities in water: suspended and dissolved solids, organic and inorganic, trace contaminants, and pathogens. Methods for removing suspended solids: screening and grit removal, sedimentation, and filtration. Modern screening designs: bar racks, fine screens, rotating drums, moving belts. Chemical dosing: precipitation for water softening and other applications; coagulation and flocculation processes, including basic concepts from colloid science; disinfection Physical Processes: adsorption and ion exchange, primary sedimentation. Filtration, Flotation, sludge dewatering systems. Chemical Processes: Oxidation of trace organics: ozone, hydrogen peroxide and other oxidants, photochemical methods, Disinfection, Ion exchange, softening. Use of polyelectrolytes for flocculation and sludge conditioning.

 

CHE 574 Water Quality (3,0,0)

Water sources and use, Characteristics of water: water analysis, physical parameters, chemical and bacteriological parameters, Modeling of common water quality parameters such as dissolved oxygen, temperature, suspended solids, algae, nutrients, coliforms, and toxics, Techniques for assessing physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of waters, Emphasis on understanding effects of water quality on the treatment processes.

 

CHE 584 Advanced Control for Process Industries (3,0,0)

Robust process control, Model predictive control - single and multi-variable.Applications to chemical, petrochemical, biochemical, waste treatment and other processes of current interest.

 

CHE 575 Selected Topic in Desalination and Water Treatment (3,0,0)

Advanced topic in selected areas of Desalination & Water Treatment Processes are covered.

 

ME 570 Solar and Wind Energy (3,0,0)

Solar thermal; Flat plate and concentrating collectors; Solar heating and cooling techniques; Solar thermal power plant; Solar photo voltaic conversion; Solar cells; PV applications; Wind data and energy estimation; Types of wind energy systems; Performance; Details of wind turbine generator; Safety and environmental aspects.

 

ME 571 Advanced Engineering Thermodynamics (3,0,0)

Reviewing the first and second law of thermodynamics; Exergy (availability) analysis and its applications to various thermal systems; Thermodynamic Property relations; Thermodynamics of ideal and real gas mixtures; Chemical equilibrium and dissociation; phase equilibrium; Irreversible thermodynamics.

 

ME 572 Analysis of Energy Systems (3,0,0)

Energy sources, demands and systems; Heat exchanger; Power plant selection, cost analysis, and reliability; Energy analysis of thermal systems; Thermal systems simulation and optimization; Energy auditing and management: methods of energy auditing and energy saving methods; Impact of thermal systems on environment.

 

ME 574 Exergy Analysis of Thermal Systems (3,0,0)

Thermodynamic analysis of energy systems emphasizing systematic methodology and application of basic principles to generate quantitative understanding; Development of models for complex energy systems using thermodynamic and transport analysis; Introduction to exergetic concepts; Energy, exergy, and sustainability; Mass, energy, entropy and exergy balance relations; Energy and exergy prices of various energy resources; Sankey and Grassmann (exergy flow and losses) diagrams; Exergetic analysis of various energy-related systems from industrial applications to renewable energy resources.

 

ME 578 Numerical Methods in Thermofluids (3,0,0)

Introduction and Overview; Mathematical description of thermo fluid phenomena; Classification of partial differential equations; Basics of discretization methods; The finite volume method for diffusion problems; The finite volume method for convection-diffusion problems; Solution algorithms for pressure-velocity coupling in steady flows; Solution of discredited equations; The finite volume method for unsteady flows; Introduction to finite element method and other numerical Methods.

 

ME 586 Two Phase Flow 3(3,0,0)

Development of conservation laws for two phase flow systems; Two phase flow modeling; Pressure drop and void fraction in piping systems; Pool and convective boiling heat transfer; Critical heat flux in pool and flow boiling; Post dryout heat transfer; Condensation; critical two phase flow and flow instabilities.

 

ME 587 Pumps and Compressors (3,0,0)

Dimensional Analysis; Energy Transfer in Turbomachines; Pumps: types and applications, pump basics and cavitation, pump efficiency and performance, pump selection, flow analysis in pumping systems; Compressors: types and applications, compressor efficiency and performance, compressor aerodynamics and surge, compressor selection.

 

ME 592 Special Topics in Thermo-fluid (3,0,0)

Selected topics on contemporary issues in the areas of thermal and fluid sciences are covered.

 

REEN 551 Energy Economics and Policy (3,0,0)

Economic issues: Elements of economic principles, Economic calculation, Conventional energy resources and costs, Renewable energy resources and costs, Direct and indirect costs, Pricing system, Contracting, Project management, World energy trend. Funding and sponsoring facilities: International organizations, National possibilities, Regional facilities. Development and ecological growth: Energy needs for economical growth and regional development, Increase in value creation, Basic needs, Ecological, ethics and utopias, Sustainable future. Policy Issues: Market development, Government policies, Climate change issues. Environmental Impact Assessment: Module production, Energy analysis, Life cycle analysis, CO2 emissions.