## Courses Description

**COURSES DESCRIPTION**

**1- Courses for Common First Year**

**2- University Requirements**

**3- College Requirements **

** 3.1 Compulsory courses**

** 3.2 Additional courses**

**4- Department Requirements**

** 4****.1 Core courses**

** 4.2 ****Courses from other Engineering Departments**

**1- Courses for Common First Year**

**ENGS 100: English language**

This initial stage of the course is designed to give the students a strong foundation in the language, improving their command of English as well as improving their vocabulary, reading, writing and communication skills. In the process of improving these skills, students will also develop their confidence in the language and also their presentation skills. These all contribute to the life skills of the student and help to prepare them for their future studies and careers beyond KSU. As the course progresses and students reach a higher level of English, the focus will switch to the academic side of the language. This will involve preparing students for the style of language they will need for their future studies.

**Pre-requisites: **None**.**

**MATH 101: Differential Calculus**

Limits and Continuity: The Concept of Limit, Computation of Limits, Continuity and its Consequences, Limits Involving Infinity, Formal Definition of the Limit. Differentiation: The Concept of Derivative, Computation of Derivatives (The Power Rule, Higher Order Derivatives, and Acceleration), the Product and Quotient Rules, The Chain Rule, Derivatives of Exponential and Logarithmic Functions, Implicit Differentiation and Inverse Trigonometric Functions, the Mean Value Theorem. Applications of Differentiation: Indeterminate Forms and L’Hopital’s rule, Maximum and Minimum Values, Increasing and Decreasing Functions, Concavity and the Second Derivative Test, Optimization, Related Rates.

Textbook: Robert T. Smith, and Roland R. Minton, “Calculus, early Transcendental functions”, Third Edition, 2007.

**Pre-requisite: **None

**ENT 101 Entrepreneurship**

**Pre-requisites:** None.

**CHEM 101: General Chemistry **

Stoichiometry: SI Units, chemical formulas, the mole, methods of expressing concentration, Calculations based on chemical equations. Gases: laws, kinetic theory, deviation and van der Waals equation. Thermochemistry: Types of enthalpy changes, Hess Law and its applications,, first law of thermodynamics. Solutions: Type of solutions and laws related , colligative properties. Chemical kinetics: Law of reaction rate, reaction order, factors affecting the rates. Chemical Equilibrium : Relation between Kc & Kp, Le Chatelier's principle and factor affecting equilibrium. Ionic equilibrium: Acid and base concepts, pH calculations of acid, base and buffer solutions. Atomic Structure: emission spectrum, Bohr's theory de Broglre's hypothesis, quantum numbers, electronic configuration of elements, consequences of the periodic table.

**Pre-requisites:** None.

**ARAB 100: Writing Skills **

**ENGS 110: English **

The final assessment for the course is the highly regarded International English Language Testing System (IELTS), which is used as a qualifying test for students wishing to attend university in many countries including the UK and Australia. Specialist material will be used to prepare students for this test with the aim of reaching an IELTS score of 5.0 by the end of the year.

**Pre-requisites**: None.

**CUR 101: University skills **

Learning skills: Self management for learning, Learning tools, Reading strategies, Second language learning skills, Test administration.

Thinking skills: Theory Of Inventive Problem Solving (TRIZ), Rounding Thinking, Expanding perception, Creative thinking. Research skills: Problem determining, Search for information strategies, Sites of sources, access this information, Using thin formation, Information construction, Information evaluation.

**Pre-requisites**: None.

**CT 101: IT skills **

Basic Concepts of Information Technology, Using a computer and Managing Files, Word Processing, Spreadsheets, Databases, Presentation.

**Pre-requisites**: None.

**STAT 101: Introduction to Statistics **

Descriptive statistics; Probability; Random variables and probability distribution functions; Statistical inference; Correlation and simple linear regression.

**Pre-requisites**: None.

**EPH 101: Health and Fitness **

Subjects about general health and body and brain fitness.

**Pre-requisites**: None.

**2- University Requirements**

**IC 100 - Studies in Prophet Biography **

**IC 101 - Origins of Islamic Culture **

**IC 102 - Family in Islam **

**IC 103 - The Economic System in Islam **

**IC 104 - The Political System in Islam **

**IC 105 - Human Rights **

**IC 106 - Medical Jurisprudence **

**IC 107 - Ethics of the Profession **

**IC 108 - Contemporary Issues **

**IC 109 - Role of Women in Development **

**3- College Requirements**

*3.1- Compulsory courses*

**MATH 106: Integral Calculus **

The definite integral, fundamental theorem of calculus, the indefinite integral, change of variable, numerical integration. Area, volume of revolution, work, arc length. Differentiation and integration of inverse trigonometric functions. The logarithmic, exponential, hyperbolic and inverse hyperbolic functions. Techniques of integration: substitution, by parts, trigonometric substitutions, partial fractions, miscellaneous substitutions. Indeterminate forms, improper integrals. Polar coordinates.

Textbooks: 1- Robert T. Smith, and Roland R. Minton, "Calculus, early Transcendental functions", 3^{rd} Edition. Earl W. Swokowski, Michael Olinick, Dennis Pence, and Jeffery A. Cole "Calculus", 6^{th} Edition.

**Pre-requisite: **MATH 101

**MATH 107: Vectors and Matrices **

Vectors in two and three dimensions, scalar and vector products, equations of lines and planes in space, surfaces, cylindrical and spherical coordinates. Vector valued functions, their limits, continuity, derivatives and integrals. Motion of a particle in space, tangential and normal components of acceleration. Functions in two or three variables, their limits, continuity, partial derivatives, differentials, chain rule, directional derivatives, tangent planes and normal lines to surfaces. Extrema of functions of several variables, Lagrange multipliers. Systems of linear equations, matrices, determinants, inverse of a matrix, Cramer's rule.

Textbook: Edward and Penny, "Calculus", international edition.

**Pre-requisite: **MATH 101

**MATH 203: Differential & Integral Calculus **

Infinite series, convergence and divergence of infinite series, integral test, ratio test, root test and comparison test. Conditional convergence and absolute convergence, alternating series test. Power series, Taylor and Maclaurin series. Double integral and its applications to area, volume, moments and center of mass. Double integrals in polar coordinates. Triple integral in rectangular, cylindrical and spherical coordinates and applications to volume moment and center of mass. Vector fields, line integrals, surface integrals, Green's theorem, the divergence theorem, Stoke's theorem.

Textbook: 1- Robert T. Smith, and Roland R. Minton, "Calculus, early Transcendental functions", 3^{rd} Edition.

2- Earl W. Swokowski, Michael Olinick, Dennis Pence, and Jeffery A. Cole "Calculus", 6^{th} Edition.

**Pre-requisite: **MATH 106 and MATH 107

**MATH 204: Differential Equations **

Various types of first order equations and their applications. Linear equations of higher order. Systems of linear equations with constant coefficients, reduction of order. Power series methods for solving second order equations with polynomial coefficients. Fourier series, Fourier series for even and odd functions. Complex Fourier series. The Fourier integral.

Textbook: Dennis G. Zill and Michael R Cullen, "Differential equations with boundary value problems", 6^{th} edition

**Pre-requisite:** MATH 203

**PHYS 103: General Physics (1) **

Introduction (Vectors), Motion in one dimension with constant acceleration, Motion in two dimensions with application to projectile motion and circular motion, Newton’s Laws of Motion, Work and Energy, Potential Energy and law of conservation of Energy, Linear Momentum and Collisions, Rotation of rigid object about a fixed axis.

**Pre-requisites:** None.

**PHYS 104: General Physics (2) **

Electricity and Magnetism: Coulomb’s law, electric fields, Gauss’ Law, electric potential, potential energy, capacitance and dielectric, currents and resistance, electrical energy and power, direct current circuits, Kirchhoffs rules, magnetic fields, motion of charged particle in a magnetic field, sources of the magnetic field, Ampere’s law, Faraday’s law of induction, self inductance, energy in a magnetic field, mutual inductance, alternating current circuits, the RLC series circuit, power in an A.C. circuit, resonance in RLC services circuit.

**Pre-requisites:** PHYS 103

**ENGL 109 – Language and Communication **

ENGL 109 includes *English for Specific Purpose* (ESP) units that cover terminology and expressions, in various engineering disciplines. The course is designed to improve the communication and reading skills of engineering students. It equips the student with essential linguistic expertise for his engineering study and prospective professional career.

**Textbook: **Eric H. Glendinning & Norman Glendinning, “Oxford English for Electrical and mechanical Engineering”, Oxford University Press (2000).

**Pre-requisites:** None.

**ENGL 110 – Technical Writing **

English 110 is intended to enhance technical writing skills. It equips students with writing basics and techniques required for constructing clear and persuasive presentation of their ideas, on various forms including reports, presentations, worksheets, CVs’ and memos. The course highlights effective writing features including: focus, organization, support & elaboration, style, and conventions. It emphasizes on observing ethical norms in writing.

**Textbook:** Daphne Mackey, “Send me a Message: *A step-by-step approach to business and professional writing*”, McGraw Hill (2006)

**Pre-requisites:** ENGL 109.

**GE 104: Basics of Engineering Drawing **

The course includes the drawing of Orthographic and isometric projections. Other topics include scaling, sectioning, dimensioning and blue print reading. The course is taught using free hand, AutoCAD and AutoDesk Invetor

Textbook: Fundamentals of Graphics Communication, Bertoline, G.R., And Weibe, E.N., Mc Grew-Hill Inc., New York, 5^{th }edition, 2007

References: A Manual of Engineering Drawing Practice, C.H. Simons and D.E. Maguire, Hodder & Stoughton.

Engineering Drawing and Graphic Technology, French T. E., Charles J. V. and Foster R.J., 14^{th }Edition, McGraw-Hill,1993.

**Pre-requisites:** None.

**GE 106: Introduction to Engineering Design **

Engineering profession, jobs, and disciplines; Elements of engineering analysis; Introduction to engineering design and team formation; Engineering problem definition; Engineering system Architecture and physical function decomposition; human factor, environment, and safety issues in design; Generation of alternative concepts; Evaluation of alternatives and selection of a concept, Design defense, performance evaluation, and reporting; Engineering ethics.

**Textbook:** Philip Kosky, Robert T. Balmer, William D. Keat, George Wise, Exploring Engineering: An Introduction to Engineering and design, 4^{th} ed.

**Pre-requisite:** GE 104

**GE 201: Statics **

Force systems; vector analysis, moments and couples in 2D and 3D. Equilibrium of force systems. Analysis of structures; plane trusses and frames. Distributed force system; centroid of simple and composite bodies. Area moments of inertia. Analysis of beams. Friction.

Textbook: Meriam, J. L. and Kraige, L. G. “Engineering Mechanics, Volume 1, Statics”, SI units Version

Pre-requisite: MATH 106 & MATH 107

**GE 203: Engineering and Environment **

This course introduces the impact of engineering and industrial activities on the environment. The lectures cover basics of ecosystems, environmental balance, types of pollution, and types, sources, and limits of pollutants; in addition to fundamentals of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA). Pollution control technologies and examples of pollution from various engineering and industrial sectors are also covered.

Textbook: G. Tyler Miller, Scott Spoolman. Living in the Environment, 17th edition. Cengage Learning (2014)

Jerry A. Nathanson, Richard A. Schneider. Basic Environmental Technology: Water Supply, Waste Management, and Pollution Control, 6th edition. Pearson Education, Limited (2014)

**Pre-requisite:** CHEM 101, MATH 101

**GE 402: Engineering Projects Management **

This course introduces techniques that provide rational solutions to a range of project management decisions encountered in engineering projects. Students are expected to gain a detailed understanding of some of the techniques, tools and processes available and their application in starting, planning, managing and finishing engineering projects; The course covers project management fundamentals including projects life cycle, project planning and scheduling techniques, cash flow forecasting, performance evaluations, estimating and cost control; project organizations; Introduction to risk management.

Textbook: Meredith, J. R., Mantel Jr, S. J., & Shafer, S. M. (2013). Project management in practice. Wiley Global Education

**Prerequisite: **None

**GE 403: Engineering Economy **

This course is being offered to the students who enroll in the College of Engineering to give them fundamental knowledge and understandings on Cost concepts, Time value of money operations, Measuring the worth of investments, Comparison of alternatives, Depreciation, and Economic analysis of public projects

Textbook: John A. White, Kenneth E. Case and David B. Pratt, “Principles of engineering economic analyses”, 5^{th} edition.

**Pre-requisites**: None.

*3.2- Additional courses*

**GE 209: Computer Programming **

To introduce computer programming for solving engineering problems in MATLAB environment

Textbook: MATLAB for Engineers by Holly Moore, Pearson; 5th edition (2017).

**Pre-requisites:** None.

**MATH 254: Numerical Methods **

Various numerical methods for solving nonlinear equations. Direct and iterative methods for solving systems of linear equations along with error estimate. Polynomial interpolation with error formula. Numerical differentiation and integration with error terms. An introduction to numerical solution of ordinary differential equations.

Textbook: Rizwan Butt and Yacine Benhadid, "An Introduction to Numerical Analysis"

**Pre-requisite: **MATH 107

__4- Department Requirements__

__4- Department Requirements__

**4.1- Core Courses**

**4.1- Core Courses**

**PGE 251 - Introduction to Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering **

The importance and history of petroleum and natural gas. Origin, formation, migration and accumulation of petroleum and natural gas. Introduction to the chemistry of petroleum. Classification of petroleum and natural gas. Introduction to petroleum and natural gas reservoirs geology, rocks and fluids properties. Introduction to petroleum and natural gas exploration and well drilling engineering. Introduction to natural gas engineering. Petroleum and natural gas reserves estimation. Introduction to petroleum production engineering, transportation and refining of petroleum. Offshore pollution by petroleum.

**Pre-requisites: **None** **

**PGE 361 - Reservoir Rock Properties and Fluid Flow **

Porosity, Permeability, Fluid flow in porous media, Fluid saturations, Capillary pressure, Wettability, surface tension, Relative permeabilities.

**Pre-requisites: **PGE 251** **

**PGE 362 - Reservoir Fluid Properties **

Properties of gases, Phase behavior of liquids, Qualitative phase behavior of hydrocarbon systems, Quantitative phase behavior, Reservoir fluid characteristics.

**Pre-requisites: **PGE 251** **

**PGE 363 - Reservoir Engineering Laboratory **

Firstly: Determinations of physical properties of reservoir rock: absolute and effective porosity, gas and liquid permeability and Klinkenberg effect, capillary pressure curves and pore size distribution, fluid saturation. Secondly: measurements of PVT characteristics of reservoir fluids: bubble-point pressure, oil formation volume factor, gas solubility, gas formation volume factor and compressibility factor, oil, gas and water viscosities.

**Co-requisites: **PGE 361 and PGE 362** **

**PGE 366 - Natural Gas Reservoir Engineering **

Introduction to natural gas. Physical properties of natural gases. Types of natural gas. Characteristics of gas and gas-condensate reservoirs. Estimation of gas reserves (for normally and abnormally pressured) using different forms of the general material balance equation. Prediction of gas reservoir performance subjected to water drive. Derivation of the basic flow equations for real gas and their solutions in terms of pressure, pressure squared and pseudo function and applications for analyzing gas well testing design and analysis. Production forecasting and decline curve analysis. Gas field development including reservoir deliverability.

**Pre-requisites: **PGE 362 and PGE 363

**PGE 391 - Principles of Petroleum Geology **

Structure of the earth: (plate tectonics, depositional basins). Geological time (relative time, absolute time, stratigraphic classifications). Rocks and minerals: (minerals identification, rocks classification, rock cycle). Land and marine erosion and deposition. The subsurface environment: (subsurface waters, earth pressures, earth temperatures, impact on hydrocarbon exploration). Structural geology: (factors controlling behavior of materials, reservoir traps, folds: types, recognition and causes, faults: types and recognition, salt domes: origin and structural evolution). Examples of Saudi Aramco oil field geology: (introduction, total petroleum systems in Ghawwar field). Geological maps: (structure contours, isopach maps, cross-sections, measurements of strike and dip).

**Pre-requisites: **PGE 251

**PGE 450 – Seminar **

This course provides assistance to students to improve their oral presentation skills through, material preparation, proper training, and sufficient presentation practice. The students will attend professional seminars delivered by the department staff and distinguished speakers for the oil industry. Also, in this course students will learn the guidelines of technical reports writing in the field of petroleum engineering.

**Co-requisites: **PGE 496

**PGE 455 - Transportation & Storage of Petroleum and Natural Gas **

Single phase flow equations, friction factor, increasing the capacity of the pipelines, hydraulic gradient for pipelines, selecting the booster pump stations, storage tanks (types, design calculations, testing, gauging, and corrosion control), the components of underground gas storage, characteristics of underground storage..

**Pre-requisites: **PGE 481

**PGE 457 - Computer Applications in Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering **

Computing techniques emphasizing solution to problems encountered in higher-level courses of petroleum and natural gas engineering.

**Pre-requisites: **PGE 460 and PGE 366

**PGE 460 - Petroleum Reservoir Engineering **

Classification of reservoirs, oil in place, recovery factor, the material balance equation for oil reservoirs, performance prediction techniques, water influx calculations.

**Pre-requisites: **PGE 362 and PGE 363

**PGE 464- Improved Oil Recovery **

Fractional flow, displacement mechanisms, flood patterns, displacement and areal sweep efficiency, peripheral and all pattern flooding, the effect of gas saturation on flooding performance, calculation of injection rate at the water flooding stages, displacement in stratified reservoirs, calculation of the vertical sweep efficiency by different models, calculations of the reservoir performance by using Dykstra-Parsons model, CGM model, water treatment and preparation for water-flooding applications, improved water flooding by chemical and thermal methods.

**Pre-requisites: **PGE 460

**PGE 467 - Reservoir Simulation **

Overview of reservoir simulation. Introduction to elementary mathematics. Properties of reservoir rocks and fluids, Rock-Fluid interaction properties. Reservoir Flow Equations: Single phase and multi-phase flow in porous media (incompressible and compressible). Finite Difference Approximations for one, two and three-dimensional reservoirs, Crank-Nicholson method, Thomas’ algorithm. Solutions of systems of linear equations. Applications using a black oil simulator.

**Pre-requisites: **PGE 460 and Math 204

**PGE 471 - Drilling Engineering -1- **

System of units, calculation of pressure and temperature gradients. Rotary drilling, rig components, well planning, Drill string design of conventional drilling, stress analyses (yield strength, collapse and burst calculations and biaxial stresses. Hoisting system, draw-works, blocks, drilling lines, ton-mile calculation and design factor. Drilling tools, Bit design and selection. Drilling fluids, mud types, functions, Circulating system hydraulics, pressure losses and optimization of bit hydraulics.

**Co-requisites: **PGE 490

**PGE 474 - Drilling Engineering -2- **

Types, origins and methods of estimating pore pressure, formation fracture pressure and methods of its calculations, types, selection, and calculations of drilling fluids, casing seat selection, casing design, cementing, well completion, factors affecting rate of penetration, hole problems, fishing, basics of directional drilling, rig contracts.

**Pre-requisites: **PGE 471 and Co-requisites: PGE 494

**PGE 476- Drilling Engineering Laboratory **

For Drilling Fluids: density, viscosity, gel strength, filtration, HPHT filter loss, lubricity, solids content, oil content, sand content, pH and filtrate chemical analysis. For Cement: density, viscosity, filtration, thickening time, setting time, and compressive strength.

**Pre-requisites: **PGE 474

**PGE 478 - Directional and Horizontal Drilling and Well Control **

Introduction to directional drilling. Steps in designing well profile (kick-off point and build-up rate), Directional planning (purpose, considerations and calculations). Kick-off tools (purposes and functions), Horizontal drilling (design of BHA, max. dog-leg severity, fatigue, pipe sticking, miss target, etc.), Survey tools (MWD) and practices, well profile calculations, Well control, hydrostatic pressure vs. formation pressure, formation integrity test, and causes of underbalanced situations, Kick causes, detection and warning signs, shut-In procedures and collection of data, Calculating drillstring and annular volume, kill methods, Well control equipment, Ram-type blowout preventer.

**Pre-requisites: **PGE 474

**PGE 481 - Production of Naturally Flowing Wells **

The performance of production formations. Factors influencing shape of IPR, Vertical lift performance, Flow of single and multiphase fluid flow in vertical pipes (Poettman, Gilbert, Hagedorn and Brown), Choke performance, The principles of gas lift, Production decline analysis using exponential, harmonic, and hyperbolic decline curves, Well-head equipment.

**Pre-requisites: **PGE 471

**PGE 482 - Artificial Lift Methods and Surface Operations **

Surface operations: Oil and gas gathering at oil fields, Oil and gas separators, Dehydration, desalting and stabilization, Heater theater design, Artificial lift methods: introduction, sucker rod pumping, Hydraulic pumping, Electric submergible centrifugal pumps, Gas lift valves and string design, Introduction to other artificial lift methods.

**Pre-requisites: **PGE 481

**PGE 484 - Natural Gas Production Engineering **

Introduction to gas properties. Gas reservoir performance: well deliverability tests, transient testing, and reservoir limit test, well completion effect on gas reservoir performance. Piping system performance: flow equations, and flow in pipelines. Gas compression: types and design of compressors. Total system analysis: tubing and flow line size, separator pressure effect, subsurface safety valve selection, separator pressure effect, and gas condensate reservoir. Field operation problems and gas processing. Gas measurement systems.

**Pre-requisites: **PGE 366

**PGE 485 - Petroleum Production Engineering Laboratory **

A laboratory study of certain basic ASTM petroleum tests; distillation, flash point, pour point, vapor pressure, cloud point, viscosity, specific gravity, water content and sediments, and salt content of crude oil.

**Co-requisites: **PGE 481

**PGE 486 - Stimulation and Sand Production Management **

Well stimulation by hydraulic fracturing: mechanics of fracturing, fracturing fluids and additives. Frac job design, Propping the fracture, Acidizing: acid types and reactions, Carbonate and sandstone acidizing techniques, Causes of sand production and methods of control, Gravel-pack design criteria, Nodal analysis applied to gravel-packed wells, Production of horizontal wells.

**Pre-requisites: **PGE 482

**PGE 490 - Petroleum and Natural Gas Exploration -1- **

Origin of petroleum: (source rocks, kerogen formation and maturation, estimation of generated petroleum), Petroleum migration: (expulsion and accumulation, different concepts), Petroleum reservoirs: (reservoir characteristics, parameters controlling the petroleum reservoirs), Oil in place and reserve calculation.

**Pre-requisites: **PGE 391

**PGE 491 - Petroleum and Natural Gas Economics **

History and legislations of oil in Saudi Arabia, Oil pricing methods, Economical resources, Swing producer, inflation, cartel and market clearing price, Historical data for oil prices development, OPEC, OAPEC and International Energy Agency, Basic engineering economy terms, Simple and Complex interests, Nominal and Effective and combined interest rates, Deterioration and sinking fund factor, Screening yardsticks for economical projects: Formulas for continuous and lump sum flow of fund, Net present value, Rate of return, Accounting rate of return, Growth rate of return, Discounted and undiscounted Payout time, Profit-to-Investment ratio, Benefit-Cost ratio.

**Co-requisites: **PGE 496

**PGE 492 - Well Logging **

Fundamentals, SP-log, electric resistivity logs, sonic log, density log, neutron log, radioactivity logs (natural and induced gamma-ray, neutron), production logs (TDT, Temp., RFT), log interpretation.

**Pre-requisites: **PGE 471

**PGE 493 - Well Test Analysis **

Diffusivity equations, derivation and solutions, superposition pressure drawdown test analysis, transient and semi-steady state, variable rate tests, pressure buildup test analysis, average reservoir pressure, finite and infinite reservoirs, flow barriers, well interference, pulse testing, pressure analysis in anisotropic and fractured reservoirs.

**Pre-requisites: **PGE 460

**PGE 494 - Petroleum and Natural Gas Exploration -2- **

Geophysical methods: (surface and subsurface prospecting for oil and gas, geo-electrical surveying, seismic surveying, gravity surveying, basic principles, equipment, data processing, analysis, geological interpretation and hydrocarbon traps detection). Remote sensing and geographic information systems: basic principles.

**Pre-requisites: **PGE 490

**PGE 496 - Graduation Project -1 **

A research project in which the student uses his gained skills to study a specific point in the field of petroleum and natural gas engineering.

**Pre-request:** Complete successfully 129 credits hours and passing all courses in levels 1-7.

**PGE 497 - Graduation Project -2 **

A capstone design project in which the student starts a comprehensive design in the field of petroleum and natural gas engineering. The group of students will develop oil or gas field from A to Z.

**Pre-request: **PGE 496

**PGE 998: Research Project **

The course is designed to serve the research needs of the students. The course is not required for graduation; so students may opt to register it or otherwise. The consent of the faculty member with whom the student might work is essential. (this is an optional elective course with no credit hours: not required for the b.s degree in PGE)

**Prerequisite:** Successful completion of 129 credit hours.

**PGE 999: Practical Training **

Students in the department are required to complete a 10 weeks summer training requirement in an area related to Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering. Prior to undertaking the summer training program, the student must obtain the approval of the department and he must have completed, successfully, at least 110 credit hours including the CFY (or 78 credit hours excluding the CFY). Students enrolling in the summer training program are not allowed to take simultaneously any course or projects.

**Prerequisite:** Successful completion of 110 credit hours

*4.2- Courses from Other Engineering Departments*

**CHE 304 - Thermodynamics for Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering Students **

Basic concepts of thermodynamics. Properties of pure substances. First law of thermodynamics for closed systems and for open systems. Second law of thermodynamics. Power cycles. Refrigeration.

**Pre-requisites: **None** **

**CHE 312 - Momentum Transport Operations for Petro. and N. Gas Eng. Students **

Fluid statics. Fluid dynamics. Flow around submerged bodies. Flow through porous media. Flow in Fluidized beds. Flow metering devices. Pumps and Fluid moving machinery. Non-Newtonian fluids. Dimensional analysis. Piping design.

**Pre-requisites: **None

**ME 340 - Mechanical Engineering for Petroleum and N. Gas Eng. Students **

Stress and strain; compatibility of displacement; mechanical properties of materials; generalized Hook’s law; torsion of circular cross-sectional beams; the relation between load, shear force and bending moment; pure bending of beams; transverse shear; shear flow; combined loadings; analysis of plane stresses; stress transformation, Mohr’s circle-plane stress; thin and thick walled pressure vessels; deflection of beams; buckling.

**Pre-requisites: **GE 201** **