**B.Sc. COURSE DESCRIPTION**

**1. Preparatory Year**

**ENGL 140 - English Language -1, 8(8-0-0)**

This initial stage of the course is designed to give the students a strong foundation in the language, improving their command of English as well as improving their vocabulary, reading, writing and communication skills. In the process of improving these skills, students will also develop their confidence in the language and also their presentation skills. These all contribute to the life skills of the student and help to prepare them for their future studies and careers beyond KSU. As the course progresses, and students reach a higher level of English, the focus will switch to the academic side of the language. This will involve preparing students for the style of language they will need for their future studies.

**Pre-requisites: None.**

**ENGL 150 - English Language -2, 8(8-0-0)**

The final assessment for the course is the highly regarded International English Language Testing System (IELTS), which is used as a qualifying test for students wishing to attend university in many countries including the UK and Australia. Specialist material will be used to prepare students for this test with the aim of reaching an IELTS score of 5.0 by the end of the year.

**Pre-requisites: None.**

**Math 140 - Introductory Mathematics, 2(2-1-0)**

Basic Algebraic Operations, Equations and Inequalities, Graphs, Functions, Polynomials and Rational Functions, Exponential and Logarithmic Functions, Trigonometric Functions, Trigonometric Identities and Conditional Equations, Systems of Equations and Inequalities;

Matrices, Sequences and Series.

**Pre-requisites: None.**

**Math 150 - Differential Calculus, 3(3-1-0)**

Limits and Continuity: The Concept of Limit, Computation of Limits, Continuity and its Consequences, Limits Involving Infinity, Formal Definition of the Limit. Differentiation: The Concept of Derivative, Computation of Derivatives (The Power Rule, Higher Order Derivatives, and Acceleration), the Product and Quotient Rules, The Chain Rule, Derivatives of Exponential and Logarithmic Functions, Implicit Differentiation and Inverse Trigonometric Functions, the Mean Value Theorem. Applications of Differentiation: Indeterminate Forms and L’Hopital’s rule, Maximum and Minimum Values, Increasing and Decreasing Functions, Concavity and the Second Derivative Test, Optimization, Related Rates.

**Pre-requisites: None.**

**IT 140 - Computer Skills, 3(3-1-0)**

Basic Concepts of Information Technology, Using a computer and Managing Files, Word Processing, Spreadsheets, Databases, Presentation.

**Pre-requisites: None.**

**CI 140 - Learning , Thinking and Research Skills, 3(3-1-0)**

Learning skills: Self management for learning, Learning tools, Reading strategies, Second language learning skills, Test administration. Thinking skills: Theory Of Inventive Problem Solving (TRIZ), Rounding Thinking, Expanding perception, Creative thinking. Research skills: Problem determining, Search for information strategies, Sites of sources, access this information, using thin formation, Information construction, Information evaluation.

**Pre-requisites: None.**

**SCS 140 - Communication Skills, 2(2-1-0)**

This course deals with communication kills as a tool for achieving personal psychological and social adaptability. It is one of the key skills in matrix of (self development skills) this course covers skills related to communication sufficiency comprised of a wide array of major matrix of knowledge, skills and approaches comprised in four main sufficiency: Knowledge sufficiency, Social sufficiency, Comprehension sufficiency, Productive sufficiency.

**Pre-requisites: None.**

**Health 140 - Health and Fitness, 2(2-1-0)**

Subjects about general health and body and brain fitness.

**Pre-requisites: None.**

**University Requirements**

**IC 101 - Introduction to Islamic Culture, 2(2-0-0)**

This subject aims to introduce the student to the Islamic culture; manifestation of the Muslims attitude towards other cultures; explaining the characteristics of Islam, such as: Universality, Comprehensibility, integrity, consistency with human nature (instinct), reason, and science. This subject also explains the Islamic tenet and its fundamentals, such as: To believe in Allah, the Hereafter, the Angles, the Holy Books, the Messengers, and Divine Destiny.

**IC 102 - The Role of Islam in the Construction of Society, 2(2-0-0)**

This course studies the following: The concept of the Muslim society; its basics, its method and characteristics, means of consolidating its social ties; the most important social problems, the Islamic philosophy of family affairs, marriage: its introductory formalities, aims and effects. It also deals with ways of strengthening the family bonds.

**IC 103 - The Islamic Economic System, 2(2-0-0)**

This course depicts the Islamic concept of life, the nature of man, the basic constituents of the Islamic economics and its objectives; it studies as well the legal evidences of these topics. It also explains the opinion of Islam toward finance, ownership, production, maintenance, conception, distribution of wealth, and the exchange in the Islamic Economic system.

**IC 104 - Fundamentals of Islamic Political System, 2(2-0-0)**

This subject contains the following: Introduction to the Political System and its fundamentals; the Islamic Political System is the best system for human societies to follow and apply; the rise up of Islamic State during the Prophet's lifetime, Caliphate, and the fundamentals of State.

**ARAB 101 - Language Skills, 2(2-0-0) **

The original and secondary parsing, the dual, the five verbs, masculine and feminine, (the weak letter), etymology and the semantic evolution, nutation of accusative, diptote the original and secondary parsing, apocopate and jussive, dative/ genitive, verbal sentences, the signification of tenses, the passive verb (its signification and its forms in present and past verbs), the nominal sentences, the pronouns, the neglected letters, the conjunctions, numbers (how to write them).

**ARAB 103 - Expository Writing, 2(2-0-0) **

Applications in reading and speaking skills, the adverb of time and the adverb of place, accusative of explanation (specification), Punctuations, computer-based writing, dictionaries and E-dictionaries, applications to reading and writing skills, accusative of cause or reason, denotative of state (circumstantial accusative or accusative of the state or condition), writing a paragraph and essay, application to reading and writing skills, appositions (adjective/ corroboration/ substitute/ explanatory apposition and syndetic explicative, diminutive (numen deminutivum), applications in reading and writing skills, relation quiescence (pause), completion fifth text's exercises, and writing formal and informal letters.

**College Requirements**

**MATH 106 - Integral Calculus, 3(3-1-0)**

The definite integral, fundamental theorems of calculus, the indefinite integral, change of variable, numerical integration. Area, volume of revolution, work, arc length. Differentiation and integration of inverse trigonometric functions. The logarithmic, exponential, hyperbolic and inverse hyperbolic functions. Techniques of integration: substitution, by parts, trigonometric substitutions, partial fractions, miscellaneous substitutions. Indeterminate forms, improper integrals. Polar coordinates.

**MATH 107 - Vectors and Matrices, 3(3-1-0)**

Vectors in two and three dimensions, scalar and vector products, equations of lines and planes in space, surfaces, cylindrical and spherical coordinates. Vector valued functions, their limits, continuity, derivatives and integrals. Motion of a particle in space, tangential and normal components of acceleration. Functions in two or three variables, their limits, continuity, partial derivatives, differentials, chain rule, directional derivatives, tangent planes and normal lines to surfaces. Extrema of functions of several variables, Lagrange multipliers. Systems of linear equations, matrices, determinants, inverse of a matrix, Cramer's rule.

**MATH 203 - Differential and Integral Calculus, 3(3-1-0)**

Infinite series, convergence and divergence of infinite series, integral test, ratio test, root test and comparison test. Conditional convergence and absolute convergence, alternating series test. Power series, Taylor and McLaurin series. Double integral and its applications to area, volume, moments and center of mass. Double integrals in polar coordinates. Triple integral in rectangular, cylindrical and spherical coordinates and applications to volume moment and center of mass. Vector fields, line integrals, surface integrals, Green's theorem, the divergence theorem, Stoke' theorem.

**MATH 204 - Differential Equations, 3(3-1-0)**

Various types of first order equations and their applications. Linear equations of higher order. Systems of linear equations with constant coefficients, reduction of order. Power series methods for solving second order equations with polynomial coefficients. Fourier series, Fourier series for even and odd functions. Complex Fourier series. The Fourier integral.

**MATH 254 - Numerical Methods, 3(3-1-0)**

Various numerical methods for solving nonlinear equations. Direct and iterative methods for solving systems of linear equations along with error estimate. Polynomial interpolation with error formula. Numerical differentiation and integration with error terms. An introduction to numerical solution of ordinary differential equations.

**STAT 324 - Engineering Probability and Statistics, 3(3-1-0)**

Probability and probability distribution - Mathematical expectations of random variables. Discrete and continuous distributions. Sampling distributions - Estimation, testing of hypothesis - Regression and correlation.

**PHYS 103 - General Physics -1, 4(4-1-0)**

Introduction (Vectors), Motion in one dimension with constant acceleration, Motion in two dimension with application to projectile motion and circular motion, Newton’s Laws of Motion, Work and Energy, Potential Energy and conservation of Energy, Linear Momentum and Collisions, Rotation of rigid object about a fix axis

**PHYS 104 - General Physics -2, 4(4-1-0)**

Electricity and Magnetism: Coulomb’s law, electric fields, Gauss’ Law, electric potential, potential energy, capacitance and dielectric, currents and resistance, electrical energy and power, direct current circuits, Kirchhoff’s rules, magnetic fields, motion of charged particle in a magnetic field, sources of the magnetic field, Ampere’s law, Faraday’s law of induction, self-inductance, energy in a magnetic field, mutual inductance, alternating current circuits, the RLC series circuit, power in an A.C. circuit, resonance in RLC services circuit.

**CHEM 101 - General Chemistry, 4(4-1-0)**

Stoichiometry: SI Units, chemical formulas, the mole, methods of expressing concentration, Calculations based on chemical equations. Gases: laws, kinetic theory, deviation and van der Waals equation. Thermochemistry: Types of enthalpy changes, Hess Law and its applications,, first law of thermodynamics. Solutions: Type of solutions and laws related , colligative properties. Chemical kinetics: Law of reaction rate, reaction order, factors affecting the rates. Chemical Equilibrium: Relation between Kc & Kp, Le Chatelier's principle and factor affecting equilibrium. Ionic equilibrium: Acid and base concepts, pH calculations of acid, base and buffer solutions. Atomic Structure: emission spectrum, Bohr's theory de Broglre's hypothesis, quantum numbers, electronic configuration of elements, consequences of the periodic table.

**ENGL 107 - Technical Writing, 3(3-0-0)**

Types of documents. Principles of organizing, developing and writing technical information. Report structure and components. Report forms and rhetorical patterns common to scientific and technical Disciplines. Technical writing conversions including headings, illustrations, style and tone. Extensive writing assignments for various report and document types.

**ENGL 108 - Communication Skills for Engineers, 3(3-0-0)**

Searching, compiling, referencing and writing ethics. Guidelines for good written communication. Guidelines for slide preparation and good oral presentation. Delivering successful speeches. Writing memos and business letters. Introduction to academic and business proposals. Guidelines for writing CV’s, successful interviews and job search skills. Group dynamics, effective meetings, team-work, leadership and management skills. Engineering ethics and professional conduct.

**GE 104 - Basics of Engineering Drawing, 3(1-0-4)**

Constructional geometry and basics of lettering; Sketching; Orthographic projection; Sectional and auxiliary views; Dimensioning; Introduction to computer graphics; Engineering applications.

**GE 105 - Introduction to Engineering Design, 2(2-1-0)**

Introduction and practicing the engineering professional culture and ethics. Enhancing on personal skills such as teamwork, leadership, written and oral presentation. Problem solving strategies. Problem definition and techniques for stimulation of ideas. Decision making in design. Mathematical and computer modeling techniques.

**GE 201 - Statics, 3(3-1-0)**

Force systems; vector analysis, moments and couples in 2D and 3D. Equilibrium of force systems. Analysis of structures; plane trusses and frames. Distributed force system; centroids and composite bodies. Area moments of inertia. Analysis of beams. Friction.

**GE 209 - Computer Programming, 3(3-1-0)**

Introduction to computers and programming. Data types, constants & variables. Operators & functions assignment statement. Simple input/output. Program composition & format. Types of errors. Formatted output. Algorithm. If construct. Do loop. Data files. One- & two-dimensional arrays. Programming with function. Program

**GE 302 - Industry & Environmental, 2(2-1-0)**

Introduction to environmental problems and their anthropogenic causes, with emphasis on the causes, effects, and controls of air, water, and land pollution. The political, ecological, economic, ethical, and engineering aspects of environmental pollution and control are discussed. Topics include: water and air pollution, global climate changes, hazardous chemicals, radioactive materials and wastes, and noise pollution. Demonstration of pollution measuring techniques.

**GE 404 - Engineering Management, 2(2-1-0)**

This course is in an introductory course on project management. The course covers the project management process from the beginning to the end, focusing on practical skills that make students able to immediately complete projects on time and on budget, while achieving their targets.

**Department requirements (Core courses)**

**PGE 251 - Introduction to Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering, 2(2-1-0)**

The importance and history of petroleum and natural gas. Origin, formation, migration and accumulation of petroleum and natural gas. Introduction to chemistry of petroleum. Classification of petroleum and natural gas. Introduction to petroleum and natural gas reservoirs geology, rocks and fluids properties. Introduction to petroleum and natural gas exploration and well drilling engineering. Introduction to natural gas engineering. Petroleum and natural gas reserves estimation. Introduction to petroleum production engineering, transportation and refining of petroleum. Offshore pollution by petroleum.

**PGE 361 - Reservoir Rock Properties and Fluid Flow, 2(2-1-0)**

Porosity, Permeability, Fluid flow in porous media, Fluid saturations, Capillary pressure, Wettability, surface tension, Relative permabilities.

**PGE 362 - Reservoir Fluid Properties, 2(2-1-0)**

Properties of gases, Phase behavior of liquids, Qualitative phase behavior of hydrocarbon systems, Quantitative phase behavior, Reservoir fluid characteristics.

**PGE 365 - Reservoir Engineering Laboratory, 1(0-0-3)**

Firstly: Determinations of physical properties of reservoir rock: absolute and effective porosity, gas and liquid permeability and Klinkenberg effect, capillary pressure curves and pore size distribution, fluid saturation. Secondly: measurements of PVT characteristics of reservoir fluids: bubble-point pressure, oil formation volume factor, gas solubility, gas formation volume factor and compressibility factor, oil, gas and water viscosities.

**PGE 366 - Natural Gas Reservoir Engineering, 3(3-1-0)**

Introduction to natural gas. Physical properties of natural gases. Types of natural gas. Characteristics of gas and gas-condensate reservoirs. Estimation of gas reserves (for normally and abnormally pressured) using different forms of the general material balance equation. Prediction of gas reservoir performance subjected to water drive. Derivation of the basic flow equations for real gas and their solutions in terms of pressure, pressure squared and pseudo function and applications for analyzing gas well testing design and analysis. Production forecasting and decline curve analysis. Gas field development including reservoir deliverability.

**PGE 391 - Principles of Petroleum Geology, 3(3-1-0)**

Structure of the earth: (plate tectonics, depositional basins). Geological time (relative time, absolute time, stratigraphic classifications). Rocks and minerals: (minerals identification, rocks classification, rock cycle). Land and marine erosion and deposition. The subsurface environment: (subsurface waters, earth pressures, earth temperatures, impact on hydrocarbon exploration). Structural geology: (factors controlling behavior of materials, reservoir traps, folds: types, recognition and causes, faults: types and recognition, salt domes: origin and structural evolution). Examples of Saudi Aramco oil field geology: (introduction, total petroleum systems in Ghawwar field). Geological maps: (structure contours, isopach maps, cross-sections, measurements of strike and dip).

**PGE 452 - Seminar, 1(1-0-0)**

This course provides assistance to students to improve their oral presentation skills through, material preparation, proper training, and sufficient presentation practice. The students will attend professional seminars delivered by the department staff and distinguished speakers for the oil industry. Also, in this course students will learn the guidelines of technical reports writing in the field of petroleum engineering.

**PGE 455 - Transportation & Storage of Petroleum and Natural Gas, 2(2-1-0)**

Single phase flow equations, friction factor, increasing the capacity of the pipelines, hydraulic gradient for pipelines, selecting the booster pump stations, storage tanks (types, design calculations, testing, gauging, and corrosion control), the components of underground gas storage, characteristics of underground storage.

**PGE 457 - Computer Applications in Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering, 2(1-2-0)**

Computing techniques emphasizing solution to problems encountered in higher-level courses of petroleum and natural gas engineering.

**PGE 460 - Petroleum Reservoir Engineering, 3(3-1-0)**

Classification of reservoirs, oil in place, recovery factor, the material balance equation for oil reservoirs, performance prediction techniques, water influx calculations.

**PGE 465 - Improved Oil Recovery, 2(2-1-0)**

Fractional flow, displacement mechanisms, flood patterns, displacement and areal sweep efficiency, peripheral and all pattern flooding, the effect of gas saturation on flooding performance, calculation of injection rate at the water flooding stages, displacement in stratified reservoirs, calculation of the vertical sweep efficiency by different models, calculations of the reservoir performance by using Dykstra-Parsons model, CGM model, water treatment and preparation for water-flooding applications, improved water flooding by chemical and thermal methods.

**PGE 467 - Reservoir Simulation, 3(3-1-0)**

Overview of reservoir simulation. Introduction to elementary mathematics. Properties of reservoir rocks and fluids, Rock-Fluid interaction properties. Reservoir Flow Equations: Single phase and multi-phase flow in porous media (incompressible and compressible). Finite Difference Approximations for one, two and three-dimensional reservoirs, Crank-Nicholson method, Thomas’ algorithm. Solutions of systems of linear equations. Applications using a black oil simulator.

**PGE 471 - Drilling Engineering -1, 2 (2-1-0)**

System of units, calculation of pressure and temperature gradients. Rotary drilling, rig components, well planning, Drill string design of conventional drilling, stress analyses (yield strength, collapse and burst calculations and biaxial stresses. Hoisting system, draw-works, blocks, drilling lines, ton-mile calculation and design factor. Drilling tools, Bit design and selection. Drilling fluids, mud types, functions, Circulating system hydraulics, pressure losses and optimization of bit hydraulics.

**PGE 472 - Drilling Engineering -2, 2(2-1-0)**

Types, origins and methods of estimating pore pressure, formation fracture pressure and methods of its calculations, types, selection, and calculations of drilling fluids, casing seat selection, casing design, cementing, well completion, factors affecting rate of penetration, hole problems, fishing, basics of directional drilling, rig contracts.

**PGE 477 - Drilling Engineering Laboratory, 1(0-0-3)**

For Drilling Fluids: density, viscosity, gel strength, filtration, HPHT filter loss, lubricity, solids content, oil content, sand content, pH and filtrate chemical analysis. For Cement: density, viscosity, filtration, thickening time, setting time, and compressive strength.

**PGE 478 - Directional and Horizontal Drilling and Well Control, 3(3-1-0)**

Introduction to directional drilling. Steps in designing well profile (kick-off point and build-up rate), Directional planning (purpose, considerations and calculations). Kick-off tools (purposes and functions), Horizontal drilling (design of BHA, max. dog-leg severity, fatigue, pipe sticking, miss target, etc.), Survey tools (MWD) and practices, well profile calculations, Well control, hydrostatic pressure vs. formation pressure, formation integrity test, and causes of underbalanced situations, Kick causes, detection and warning signs, shut-In procedures and collection of data, Calculating drillstring and annular volume, kill methods, Well control equipment, Ram-type blowout preventer.

**PGE 480 - Petroleum Production Engineering Laboratory, 1(0-0-3)**

A laboratory study of certain basic ASTM petroleum tests; distillation, flash point, pour point, vapor pressure, cloud point, viscosity, specific gravity, water content and sediments, and salt content of crude oil.

**PGE 481 - Production of Naturally Flowing Wells, 3(3-1-0)**

The performance of production formations. Factors influencing shape of IPR, Vertical lift performance, Flow of single and multiphase fluid flow in vertical pipes (Poettman, Gilbert, Hagedorn and Brown), Choke performance, The principles of gas lift, Production decline analysis using exponential, harmonic, and hyperbolic decline curves, Well-head equipment.

**PGE 482 - Artificial Lift Methods and Surface Operations, 2(2-1-0)**

Surface operations: Oil and gas gathering at oil fields, Oil and gas separators, Dehydration, desalting and stabilization, Heater theater design, Artificial lift methods: introduction, sucker rod pumping, Hydraulic pumping, Electric submergible centrifugal pumps, Gas lift valves and string design, Introduction to other artificial lift methods.

**PGE 484 - Natural Gas Production Engineering, 3(3-1-0)**

Introduction to gas properties. Gas reservoir performance: well deliverability tests, transient testing, and reservoir limit test, well completion effect on gas reservoir performance. Piping system performance: flow equations, and flow in pipelines. Gas compression: types and design of compressors. Total system analysis: tubing and flow line size, separator pressure effect, subsurface safety valve selection, separator pressure effect, and gas condensate reservoir. Field operation problems and gas processing. Gas measurement systems.

**PGE 489 - Stimulation and Sand Production Management, 2(2-1-0)**

Well stimulation by hydraulic fracturing: mechanics of fracturing, fracturing fluids and additives. Frac job design, Propping the fracture, Acidizing: acid types and reactions, Carbonate and sandstone acidizing techniques, Causes of sand production and methods of control, Gravel-pack design criteria, Nodal analysis applied to gravel-packed wells, Production of horizontal wells.

**PGE 490 - Petroleum and Natural Gas Exploration -1, 3(3-1-0)**

Origin of petroleum: (source rocks, kerogen formation and maturation, estimation of generated petroleum), Petroleum migration: (expulsion and accumulation, different concepts), Petroleum reservoirs: (reservoir characteristics, parameters controlling the petroleum reservoirs), Oil in place and reserve calculation.

**PGE 491 - Petroleum and Natural Gas Economics and legislations, 2(2-1-0)**

History and legislations of oil in Saudi Arabia, Oil pricing methods, Economical resources, Swing producer, inflation, cartel and market clearing price, Historical data for oil prices development, OPEC, OAPEC and International Energy Agency, Basic engineering economy terms, Simple and Complex interests, Nominal and Effective and combined interest rates, Deterioration and sinking fund factor, Screening yardsticks for economical projects: Formulas for continuous and lump sum flow of fund, Net present value, Rate of return, Accounting rate of return, Growth rate of return, Discounted and undiscounted Payout time, Profit-to-Investment ratio, Benefit-Cost ratio.

**PGE 492 - Well Logging, 3(3-1-0)**

Fundamentals, SP-log, electric resistivity logs, sonic log, density log, neutron log, radioactivity logs (natural and induced gamma ray, neutron), production logs (TDT, Temp., RFT), log interpretation.

**PGE 493 - Well Test Analysis, 3(3-1-0)**

Diffusivity equations, derivation and solutions, superposition pressure drawdown test analysis, transient and semi-steady state, variable rate tests, pressure buildup test analysis, average reservoir pressure, finite and infinite reservoirs, flow barriers, well interference, pulse testing, pressure analysis in anisotropic and fractured reservoirs.

**PGE 494 - Petroleum and Natural Gas Exploration -2, 2(2-1-0)**

Geophysical methods: (surface and subsurface prospecting for oil and gas, geo-electrical surveying, seismic surveying, gravity surveying, basic principles, equipment, data processing, analysis, geological interpretation and hydrocarbon traps detection). Remote sensing and geographic information systems: basic principles.

**PGE 496 - Graduation Project -1- (Capstone), 2(2-0-0)**

A capstone design project in which the student start a comprehensive design in the field of petroleum and natural gas engineering. The group of students will develop oil or gas field from A to Z.

**PGE 497 - Graduation Project -2- (Research), 2(2-0-0)**

A research project in which the student uses his gained skills to study a specific point in the field of petroleum and natural gas engineering.

**CHE 304: - Thermodynamics for Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering Students, 2(2-1-0)**

Basic concepts of thermodynamics. Properties of pure substances. First law of thermodynamics for closed systems and for open systems. Second law of thermodynamics. Power cycles. Refrigeration.

**CHE 312 - Momentum Transport Operations for Petro. and N. Gas Eng. Students, 3(3-1-0)**

Fluid statics. Fluid dynamics. Flow around submerged bodies. Flow through porous media. Flow in Fluidized beds. Flow metering devices. Pumps and Fluid moving machinery. Non-Newtonian fluids. Dimensional analysis. Piping design.

**ME 340 - Mechanical Engineering for Petroleum and N. Gas Eng. Students, 3(3-1-0)**

Stress and strain; compatibility of displacement; mechanical properties of materials; generalized Hook’s law; torsion of circular cross-sectional beams; the relation between load, shear force and bending moment; pure bending of beams; transverse shear; shear flow; combined loadings; analysis of plane stresses; stress transformation, Mohr’s circle-plane stress; thin and thick walled pressure vessels; deflection of beams; buckling.